Yellow Fever Vaccinations and Certificates for International Travel
What Is Yellow Fever?
Yellow fever is a virus that many individuals know little about because its rarity in the Western world. Almost all cases in Canada, the United States and other developed nations can be attributed to travellers that were not vaccinated against the disease and were infected.
One of the most common questions surrounding this disease is, Is yellow fever a virus and what causes yellow fever? Yes, yellow fever is a virus that is transmitted by infected mosquitos. You contract the virus when bitten and it can take three to six days for it to show symptoms.
The majority of those infected with yellow fever will show no symptoms or only experience minor illness. However, symptoms can include fever, chills, severe headache, nausea, and in severe cases jaundice, bleeding or even organ failure.
How long does it take to contract yellow fever? It can potentially happen as soon as you arrive at your destination if you are not vaccinated. Unlike other diseases that require contact with others, all yellow fever needs is a mosquito to infect you.
There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, only supportive or preventive care, like vaccination.
Do I Need a Yellow Fever Vaccine?
The majority of Canadian travellers do not visit countries where a yellow fever vaccine is required or recommended. However, it is highly recommended or even required for many countries in Africa and the Americas, especially Central and South America. The most popular countries where yellow fever vaccination is required or recommended are:
Remember, an individual can contract yellow fever at any time if they are in an area where the infection is present and they have not been vaccinated. The vaccine is highly recommended for travel to yellow fever endemic regions. If a yellow fever vaccine is required to enter a country and you have not received it or do not have an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis documenting your vaccine, you may be detained or be forced to pay for another vaccination. Be prepared before you go by visiting your local Passport Health clinic!
Where Can I Get a Yellow Fever Vaccine?
According to Public Health Agency of Canada regulations yellow fever vaccinations may only be given by designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres. All Passport Health clinic locations are designated Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres by the PHAC and all Passport Health clinics have yellow fever vaccines in-stock and ready to be given. In accordance with PHAC regulations, Passport Health will also advise if the vaccine is necessary and provide clients with written proof of immunization on the International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.
To schedule your appointment at a Passport Health clinic please call or find the location nearest you.
Is the Yellow Fever Vaccine Safe?
The Public Health Agency of Canada, World Health Organization, U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention and a myriad of other organizations have deemed the yellow fever vaccine safe for use, with very few risk factors. However, the vaccine is generally not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women, children less than nine months old, adults over the age of 60 and individuals with weakened immune systems. Your Passport Health travel specialist will help you address any potential risk factors before receiving the yellow fever vaccine or any other immunization.
Be aware that the yellow fever vaccine can take 10 days to offer full immunity. Please plan your visit, and your trip, accordingly.
How Else Can I Protect Myself From Mosquitoes?
Yellow fever immunization is the best way to avoid contracting the disease, but it is just the first step in preventing it and other mosquito-borne illnesses. Be sure to use mosquito repellents, protective clothing and mosquito netting when and where required. Other immunizations or medications, such as antimalarials, may be recommended by your Passport Health travel specialist. Please follow these guidelines to have a safe and health travel experience.
To find a Passport Health Yellow Fever Vaccination Centre near you, call and find your nearest clinic. Come in and get protected today!
Yellow Fever Risk and Requirements By Country
Countries With Yellow Fever Transmission Risk:
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Rep. of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanada, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda
Central and South America:
NOTE: Countries in bold are not holoendemic (i.e. only a portion of the country has risk of yellow fever transmission).
Countries That Require Proof of Yellow Fever Vaccination For All Arriving Travellers:
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo
Remember, all Passport Health clinics in Canada carry yellow fever immunization in-stock and ready for you and your family. To find the location nearest you call or schedule your appointment online now.
Passport Health – Yellow Fever Vaccination
“My yellow fever consultation turned out to be a very informative experience. I was encouraged to embrace the protection of my health on many other levels. I am now ready to explore the world. Thank you!”
“Our health care professional was knowledgeable and professional. Our wait time was immediate. Everything about the experience, including the yellow fever vaccination, was excellent.”
“Incredibly efficient and friendly staff. Organized my yellow fever vaccine and communicated with me in a timely basis. Highly recommend both the London and Kitchener offices.”
“First time experience for us with travel vaccines. Staff was friendly, knowledgeable and efficient. Got our Yellow Fever shots in less than 10 minutes wait time. Superb service.”
“Our expert was awesome, very knowledgeable, personable and extremely gentle in administering the yellow fever vaccine. Overall a great experience and one i would highly recommend!!!”
“I came in the for the yellow fever vaccine. Was quick and efficient. Very professional. Very good experience and team. Very helpful and made the process easy.”
“Excellent, prompt and efficient service. I was able to have the appointment and get the yellow fever vaccine within 3 days.”
“I found the nurse to be competent and answered all my questions thoroughly and in a very friendly manner. She made me feel like she was not rushing me and provided lots of printed matter, including my yellow fever vaccination. This was a very good experience and I have already recommended her and this clinic to a couple friends.”
“The nurse who administered our yellow fever vaccine, was great and very personable.”
“I went for my Yellow Fever Vaccine, everything was fast and convenient. Thank you!”